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Njira Yopangira Magalasi Agalasi

Njira Yopangira Magalasi Agalasi

Zabwino Mitundu yagalasi:

  • Lembani I - Galasi Yabwino Kwambiri
  • Mtundu Wachiwiri - Galasi Yoyesedwa ndi Soda Lime
  • Mtundu Wachitatu - Galasi ya Soda Lime

Zipangizo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga galasi zimaphatikizapo pafupifupi 70% mchenga pamodzi ndi kaphatikizidwe kena ka phulusa la koloko, limestone ndi zinthu zina zachilengedwe - kutengera zomwe zimafunidwa mu batchi.

Mukamapangira kapu ya mandimu ya sopo, galasi yophwanyidwa, yobwezerezedwanso, kapena chotsekera, ndi chinthu china chowonjezera. Kuchuluka kwa Celet komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magalasi kumasiyana. Cullet imasungunuka pamunsi pamunsi zomwe zimachepetsa mphamvu zamagetsi ndipo zimafuna zopangira zochepa.

Galasi ya Borosilicate sayenera kubwezerezedwanso chifukwa galasi losagwira kutentha. Chifukwa cha kutentha kwake, galasi la borosilrate silisungunuka ndi kutentha komweko ngati galasi la Soda Lime ndipo lingasinthe mamasukidwe amadzi mu uvuni nthawi yakukonzanso.

Zinthu zonse zopangira galasi, kuphatikizapo pelet, zimasungidwa mnyumbamu. Amayesedwa ndikuyesa malo osakaniza ndi osakanikirana ndipo pamapeto pake amakwezedwa m'magulu omenyera omwe amakhala ndi magalasi.

Njira Zopangira Zotengera zamagalasi:

Kalasi Yofufuma imadziwikanso ngati galasi woumbidwa. Popanga galasi lomwe limaphulika, magalasi owotchera mu uvuni amawalowetsa ku makina owumba ndikulowa m'miyangoyango pomwe mpweya umakakamizidwa kuti upange khosi komanso chidebe chonse. Akapangidwa, amadziwika kuti Parison. Pali njira ziwiri zopangira njira zopangira chidebe chomaliza:

  • Kupumira & Kupumira - amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati ziwiya zopapatiza pomwe parison imapangidwa ndi mpweya wothinikizidwa
  • Press & Blow Njira- Gwiritsani ntchito zida zazikulu zomaliza m'mimba mwake momwe parisonyo imapangidwira ndikanikizira galasi kuti lisachotseko ndi chitsulo chosungiramo chitsulo

Tambula Yabwino Kwambiri amapangidwa ndi njira yosapitilira yojambula yogwiritsira ntchito njira za Danner kapena Vello kuti akwaniritse mulifupi mwake komanso makulidwe. Galasi imakokedwa pamzere wa othandizira odzigudubuza ndi makina ojambula.

  • Njira Za Danner - galasi limayatsidwa kuchokera ku ng'anjo yamtsogolo limayang'ana mu mawonekedwe a riboni
  • Njira ya Vello - galasi limayatsidwa kuchokera ku ng'anjo yamoto limayang'ana mu mbale yomwe imapangidwa

Njira Zopangira Galasi

Kupumira ndi Kupumira - mpweya wothinikizidwa umagwiritsidwa ntchito kupangira gob kukhala parison, yomwe imakhazikitsa kutsirizika kwa khosi ndikupereka gob mawonekedwe. Phula limaponyedwera mbali ina ya makinawo, ndipo limagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti iwuluwitse mpweya.

1

Press and Blow Njira- choyambacho chimayikidwa kaye, kenako chimayamba kupanga mpweya.

Panthawi ina njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zotengera pakamwa pathupi, koma pophatikiza Ndondomeko Yothandizira Vacuum, itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati pakamwa pang'onopang'ono.

Mphamvu ndikugawa ndizabwino kwambiri mwanjira iyi yopanga magalasi ndipo yalola opanga "zinthu zopepuka" monga mabotolo amowa kuti asunge mphamvu.

2

Zowongolera - ziribe kanthu momwe zingapangidwire, zitsulo zamagalasi zophulika zikalengedwa, zotengera zimayikidwa mu Annealing Lehr, momwe matenthedwe awo amabwezeretsedwa mpaka pafupifupi 1500 ° F, kenako amatsitsidwa pang'onopang'ono mpaka pansi pa 900 ° F.

Kuyambiranso komanso kuzizira pang'onopang'ono kumachotsa kupsinjika komwe kuli muli. Popanda kuchita izi, galasi limasweka mosavuta.

Chapafupi Chithandizo - Chithandizo chakunja chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popewa kukwera, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti galasi lizikhala lophwanyika. Kuphimba (nthawi zambiri kaphatikizidwe ka polyethylene kapena tini oxide) kumakonkhedwa ndikufikira pansi pagalasi kuti lipange khosi la tin. Kuphimba kumeneku kumalepheretsa mabotolo kuti asamatikane wina ndi mnzake kuti athetse ziphuphu.

Utoto wa tin oxide umagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chithandizo chotentha. Pochizira kuzizira, kutentha kwa zotengera kumachepetsedwa kukhala pakati pa 225 ndi 275 ° F musanayambe ntchito. Izi zitha kuchotsedwa. Mankhwala a Hot End amayikidwa isanachitike. Chithandizo chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwanjira iyi chimagwirizana ndi galasi, ndipo sichingatsukidwe.

Chithandizo cha Mkati - Internal Fluorination Treatment (IFT) ndi njira yomwe imapangitsa galasi la Type III kulowa mu galasi la Type II ndipo limayikidwa pagalasi kuti mupewe pachimake.

Kuyendera Bwino - Kuyang'ana Kumapeto Kutentha kumaphatikizapo kuyeza kulemera kwa botolo ndikuwona kukula kwa mabotolo ndi mayeso osapita. Mukamaliza kuzizira chakumapeto kwa lehr, mabotolo amachoka pamakina owunikira pamagetsi omwe amangozindikira zolakwika. Izi zikuphatikiza, koma sikufanana ndi: kuyendera makulidwe a khoma, kuwunika kwa zowonongeka, kusanthula kwakumapeto, kusindikiza mawonekedwe oyang'anira, kuyika khoma lam'mbali ndi kuyika pazenera.

Kuti mudziwe zambiri za Lab Glass Disrema & Momwe Mungayang'anire Kuyika Magalasi, chonde dinani apa kuti muwerenge zambiri ndikutsitsa zolemba zowonetsera kuti mupeze ngati mukufuna kapena ayi.

Zitsanzo za Blow & Blow Containers

  • Mabotolo a Boston Kuzungulira
  • Anagwidwa Ndi Jugs
  • Mabatani Amafuta

Zitsanzo za Press & Blow Containers

  • Mabotolo Amtunda Okhotera
  • Mabotolo a French Square
  • Mabotolo Omaliza Ozungulira

Tubular Glass Kupanga Njira

Njira Za Danner

  • Makulidwe ochulukirapo kuchokera pa 1.6mm mpaka 66.5mm
  • Kujambula mpaka 400m mphindi mphindi zazing'onoting'ono
  • Galasi limayatsidwa kuchokera ku ng'anjo yakuwonekera ngati nthiti, yomwe imagwera mpaka kumapeto kwa chovala chosinthika, chomwe chimanyamulidwa pachitsulo kapena pampope.
  • Riboni adakulungidwa pachikono kuti apange galasi losalala, lomwe limatsikira pansi malaya ndi pamwamba pa nsonga.
  • Tachubuyo imakokedwa pamzere wa othandizira kugubuduza ndi makina ojambula omwe ali pamtunda wa 120m.
  • Miyeso ya timachubu imatsimikizika pamene galasi limazizira podula malo ake osagwiritsidwa ntchito pakati pa blowpipe ndi rolling yoyamba.

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Njira ya Vello

  • Galasi limayenda kuchokera ku ng'anjo yam'maso mumphika momwe chimamangiriridwa ndi mandrel wowongoka kapena belu lozungulira.
  • Galasi limayenda kudzera m'malo a annular pakati pa belu ndi mpheteyo kenako limayenda pamwamba pa mzere woloza ndi makina ojambulira mpaka 120m.

4

Tube Jambulani Khalidwe Labwino
Ma machubu akangomaliza, amayeza mayeso angapo ndikuwonetsetsa kuti akutsatira mfundo zoyenera. Kuwunikira kowoneka kumachitika ndi makamera apamwamba, azisudzo akulu kwambiri pochotsa chilema. Akapangidwa ndikudulidwira koyenera, kukula kwake kumakhala kovomerezeka.

Zitsanzo zagalasi lozama

  • Mbale
  • Mayeso

Nthawi yolembetsa: Jun-04-2020